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Naming Your Characters

Many writers are uncomfortable about starting a book without having found the right name for at least their main character. It’s easier to work with a "working title" for the book than a "working name" for a character. Once the author gets to know their characters, their names can become almost as entrenched as the writer’s own, and having to change them can be very off putting.

It's worth keeping in mind, though, that any situation could force a change – from making new friends with the same name as your character, to new celebrities springing up to claim your protagonist's name and slap a stereotype on it forever. A few years ago, Paris was a boy's name, but using it for a male character now could confuse your readers completely.

Bear in mind, also, that some popular names date very quickly and the book writing and publishing business often takes a number of years. You could try to predict when your book will be on the shelves, add to that the age of your character, and work backwards to find a suitable name.

Popular with fantasy writers in particular is using exotic-sounding made-up names – the more unpronounceable, it seems sometimes, the better. However, this practice inevitably creates a distance between your work and your readers. It's difficult enough to convince readers to pick up your book. When a reader is confronted with a bunch of consonants and apostrophes the first problem they encounter is imagining what sex this character is, and, depending on the genre, whether the character is even human.

A writer runs a real risk by giving a character an opposite sex name, too. Women with men's names are more common than the other way around. Try to make it as easy as possible for your readers to understand your writing.

Ambiguity makes it too easy for the wrong assumption to jar your reader, and that weakens the magical hold your story has over them. If you must use something unusual, try to ensure you describe the character immediately so that the reader can reconcile and imagine the character. Try not to block a reader's ability to visualise or your character will remain flat and two dimensional to them. When the reader is unable to identify with your characters, they will not care what happens to them, and might close the book and pick up something they can identify with.

Finally, be aware of the pronunciation of your characters' names. It can be frustrating for a reader to have to try to wrap their tongue around a name that is unfamiliar. It's quite simple to email a group of your friends and ask them if they find your proposed name easy to read or if they trip over it and end up making up their own pronunciation. If you get too many negative responses, consider a different name, for the sake of your future readers.

Elle Carter Neal is the author of the picture book I Own All the Blue and teen science-fantasy novel Madison Lane and the Wand of Rasputin. She is based in Melbourne, Australia. Find her at or


  1. I'm one of those who would rather have a character whose name is pronounceable. I find it difficult to just skim by a name I can't say. I spend time trying to figure out how to pronounce it and am, thus, taken out of the story.

    Although writers like to come up with a unique name for their protagonists, usually. So, there's the conundrum.

  2. And bad choices can come back to haunt! For example, when I chose my online writing handle, I picked "Ele" because it's my German childhood name, and my intent was to focus on children's writing. When people started calling me "ellie" in real life, instead of "ayla" as it's really pronounced, I saw the error of my ways. I soon got everyone calling me by my everyday name - Dani. Except now I'm two people online as Elsa knows! LOL. Names are important - for characters and their creators.

    Thanks, Elsa, and welcome aboard as new member!


  3. I've changed major characters' names after completing a story, because I decided the name didn't roll off the tongue easily enough. I've spent hours scrolling through the phone book looking for just the right name. It has to fit the character, be somewhat unique (no Linda, or Karen, or Steve), and be easy to read and pronounce. In fact, I blogged today about the power of the K sound in names.

  4. HELEN: It is a conundrum - but what is becoming even more so is the fact that ordinary parents now seem to seek that unique name for their children. Unique is becoming ordinary, and, ironically, it is the ordinary name that is now beginning to stand out.

    DANI: Yes, indeed. I use "Elle" as my pseudonym and nickname, but when I followed you to BIW, you were using "Ele". So I decided not to confuse everyone there by using "Elle" with the result that I also have two names (well, actually three) I'm known by all over the Internet.

    LJ: That's a very interesting blog post. I hadn't thought about how popular the K sound is in writing. I bet I'll be seeing it everywhere now that you've pointed it out.

  5. Elsa,
    I really don't like not knowing how to pronounce characters' names. Trying to figure it out pulls me out of the story and keeps me from identifying with the character.


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