Saturday, August 27, 2011

Writing a Novel from a Radio Show

My guest blogger today is Mara Purl, author of the Milford Haven series, which started out as a radio show. She is making a stop today at the Blood Red Pencil on her national blog tour for What the Heart Knows.

The traditional relationship between narrative fiction and screenplay is that book comes first, film comes second, as an adaptation of a popular novel. For me, however, this process occurred in reverse order. First, I created a radio drama. Second, I started adapting my scripts into narrative fiction.

When I first moved to Los Angeles, I lived near its famous Farmer’s Market, a rambling collection of tented stalls selling everything from fifty varieties of fresh fruit juice to ethnic foods from thirty cultures. Of course, it had an espresso stand that served the most extraordinary latte in the city: the brew strong and bitter; the milk frothed almost to the consistency of cream; the cup thick and white, preferably with a small chip in the saucer, near the square cube of raw sugar balanced perfectly on the stainless steel spoon.

On certain mornings, I’d grab my yellow pad and be sipping a scalding hot latte before seven a.m., sunlight streaming past the cracks between awnings, round tables balanced on match books to compensate for the uneven pavement. Sometimes a sip of my freshly brewed elixir would produce a whole paragraph. Sometimes it would give me the perfect excuse for overhearing someone else’s caffeine-fueled conversation.

This was the location where I overheard the story my husband and I have now adopted as our own: a couple who seemed to have been married for a hundred years, she admonishing “Your sleeve is in your food!” “No it’s not,” he parried. “It would be if I didn’t tell you!” I’ve dined out on that story for years, marveling at its haiku-like capturing of an entire relationship.

I share this story because it’s about dialogue, and how important it is for a script-writer to be attuned to it. When you write for a medium that features only dialogue, augmented by sight or sound, but not by description—the conversation must fulfill several requirements. A) It has to sound natural, not over-laden with information. (At all costs, one must avoid what my editor and I call the “As you know, Bob” syndrome, where a huge chunk of plot is delivered like an overladen plate of teetering vegetables.) B) It has to carry sub-text which is the key to attitude, and thus to character. C) It must advance the story such that the scene actually serves a function.

For radio drama, and for television, most scenes last three minutes, which is three pages in the script. It’s a very tight structure, with a beginning and end, and some sort of twist or “landing” in the middle, which can be either “soft” or “hard” but must be tangible.

After writing several screenplays and theatrical plays and over one hundred radio scripts, I had a good sense of mastery of these forms. But now I faced the daunting task of writing narrative voice. I had a background in journalism, which taught me a very different kind of tight structure and flow, but it was mostly an information delivery format without too much room for poetic juxtaposition or colorful imagery.

My first attempt at converting the Milford-Haven scripts resulted in novelizations—not yet novels. They tended to be dialogue, dialogue, dialogue, description, dialogue. Or, they’d be terribly choppy with original dialogue interspersed with minute descriptions of everything “else” the actors had conveyed in their marvelous performances. These attempts were very useful, because my production company printed short runs and distributed them to potential readers. We found immediately that I did have a following into this printed form, and that the story easily jumped the pond back to its home territory of America. But I knew I had a long way to go, and much to learn.

So now I returned to my undergraduate studies as a lit major, reconnecting with everyone from Faulkner to Malamud, and from the ancient “Tale of Genji” (arguably the first novel, written in 1001) to Charles Dickens, a long-time favorite who also wrote serial-stories. I also re-read some of my mentor Louis L’Amour’s work, and found some even more contemporary authors I enjoyed. The only thing I avoided was reading authors whose work seemed as though it might be similar to mine, because I had to listen closely for my own narrative voice.

What I “heard” in the novelists I did read was their own distinct voice and style. That’s what I had to listen for in myself. And there is simply no substitute for this core work. Indeed, the roots for the words “author” and “authentic” are the same, pointing to an integrated sense of creating with one’s own hand.

Gradually, through this process of listening, and by working with a brilliant and dedicated editor, Vicki Werkley, this narrative voice did emerge, and has resulted in numerous literary awards for early editions, and a new contract with the publisher of my dreams. But most importantly, the reader can now hear an authentic voice that takes her on a journey into her own heart.

A native Montanan, Heidi M. Thomas now lives in Northwest Washington. Her first novel, Cowgirl Dreams, is based on her grandmother, and the sequel, Follow the Dream, has recently won the national WILLA Award. Heidi has a degree in journalism, a certificate in fiction writing, and is a member of Northwest Independent Editors Guild. She teaches writing and edits, blogs, and is working on the next books in her “Dare to Dream” series.

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  1. A different sort of journey, Mara--interesting. Thanks for sharing it!

  2. Mara, thanks so much for sharing this. It was a good reminder for me of all those important elements of dialogue, and I love the example you gave for the "info dump" Any time a sentence starts with "As you know," the writer needs to stop and rewrite.

  3. This truly has been a fascinating journey for you, Mara. I enjoy getting to know more about it each time I meet you or read about you.

  4. I took a class in scriptwriting and found it eye opening. It was cutting everything down to the core. What you did was reverse it. Enjoyed your post!

  5. Almost as bad as "As you know..." is "You see...".

    "I wanted to quit my job, you see, so I began acting in a way that would get me fired."

    "You see, Bob, the quantomatic machine works like this..."

    Switching between media, and adapting one medium to another, is really good practice for developing writing muscle.

    HearWriteNow & Blood-Red Pencil

  6. My history as an actor has made writing dialogue a rather easy task; I'm very grateful for it.


The Blood-Red Pencil is a blog focusing on editing and writing advice. Some of our contributors are editors, some are authors, and some are writing sheep. Yes, sheep.


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